SOPHISTS

   a sect of thinkers that arose in Greece, and whose radical principle it was that we have only a subjective knowledge of things, and that we have no knowledge at all of objective reality, that things are as they seem to us, and that we have no knowledge of what they are in themselves; "on this field," says SCHWEGLER, "they disported, enjoying with boyish exuberance the exercise of the power of subjectivity, and destroying, by means of a subjective dialectic, all that had been ever objectively established," such as "the laws of the State, inherited custom, religious tradition, and popular belief.... They form, in short, the German AUFKLÄRUNG (q.v.), the Greek ILLUMINATION (q.v.). They acknowledged only private judgment and ignored the existence of a judgment that is not private, and has absolute rights irrespective of the sentiments of the individual."

The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. . 1907.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sophists — • A group of Greek teachers who flourished at the end of the fifth century B.C Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Sophists     Sophists      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • sophists — Group of itinerant professional teachers, lecturers, and writers prominent in Greece in the later 5th century BC. The sophistic movement arose at a time when there was much questioning of the absolute nature of familiar values and ways of life.… …   Universalium

  • Sophists — Although the term originally applied to generally wise men, it was applied by Plato to various teachers of whom he disapproved, including Protagoras, Gorgias, Thrasymachus, and Hippias of Elis. Plato generally treats them as charlatans who talked …   Philosophy dictionary

  • SOPHISTS —    wandering teachers of RHETORIC and PHILOSOPHY in the Greaco Roman world. They rejected all RELIGION and gave rationalistic explanations to natural phenomena upholding ETHICAL and SOCIAL RELATIVISM …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • sophists — Soph·ist || sÉ’fɪst n. ancient Greek teacher of philosophy; one who is skilled in devious argumentation …   English contemporary dictionary

  • sophists — plural of sophist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sophists (The) — The sophists G. B. Kerferd In the fifth century BC the term sophistēs was used in Greece as a name to designate a particular profession, that of certain travelling teachers who went from city to city giving lectures and providing instruction in a …   History of philosophy

  • Lives of the Sophists — is the title of at least two different works:* a book by Eunapius * a book by Philostratus …   Wikipedia

  • Sophist — Sophists …   Philosophy dictionary

  • sophist — /sof ist/, n. 1. (often cap.) Gk. Hist. a. any of a class of professional teachers in ancient Greece who gave instruction in various fields, as in general culture, rhetoric, politics, or disputation. b. a person belonging to this class at a later …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.